The warty pig or baboy talunon as it’s locally known, originated and is endemic in the Visayan region of the Philippines. But unfortunately, its decline is on a fast rate due to deforestation and destruction of its habitat causing food shortage for their kind. Apart from that, it is endangered because of Filipino native’s extreme hunting for food and other resources. Thus, making them the most threatened wild pig species in the world.
The Visayan warty pig has two subspecies – Cebu warty pig, which is believed to be already extinct; and the Negros warty pig, which can be found in the islands of Negros and Panay. However, it is said that a small populace may exist in the island of Masbate.
Due to small numbers of the remaining warty pigs in the wild, little is known of this outside of captivity.
What do they look like?
If you are wondering why it’s called warty pig, it is because of distinct fleshy warts found on the faces of the male pigs. Its features are same with all pigs, but the warty pigs are also recognized with their white stripes and stiff spiky hair.
What do they eat?
The Visayan warty pigs are omnivorous, their diet is a mix of roots, forests fruits, and vegetable crops. Since 95% of their natural habitat has been cleared to make way for agriculture, there’s not much left for them to eat. Hence, the dramatic decline of its species.
During the dry season, which is the first 3 months of the year, it is believed that about 3 to 4 piglets are born.
Aside from ‘Crocolandia Foundation’ and ‘Negros Forests and Ecological Foundation’ who help in the conservation of the warty pigs, there is also support coming from other countries that help maintain and breed the warty pigs through various conservation programs.